Frequently Asked QuestionsVaricoceleVaricocele Treatment in Chennai

FAQs on Varicocele

What is a varicocele?

A vein abnormality in the scrotum may result in a varicocele. The enlargement of the pampiniform plexus veins in the scrotum is a varicocele. It is similar to varicose veins that occur in the leg.


Where does varicocele occur?

Varicocele occurs in the scrotum. It is similar to the varicose veins that occur in the leg. They are most commonly found on the left side of your scrotum. Varicoceles can exist on both sides but are extremely rare.

Varicocele Treatment in Chennai

Are varicoceles common?

Yes, varicocele is common. It can be found in 15 percent of the adult male population and 20 percent of adolescent males. They are common in males aged between 15 to 25.

What are the symptoms of varicoceles?

Sometimes varicocele may cause little to no symptoms. The patient may be aware of a lump in the scrotum, especially when standing. It may have a bluish appearance through the skin and is soft to feel.

Treatment may be necessary if you are facing any discomfort or any of the problems listed

  • Recurrent or constant discomfort or pain
  • Enlarged or twisted veins in the scrotum
  • Infertility
  • Painless testicle lump
  • Scrotal swelling or bulge within the scrotum

What causes varicoceles?

What exactly causes varicocele is unclear. But experts believe that when the blood doesn’t move through the veins in the spermatic cord which holds up each testicle, the blood begins to pool in the veins causing it to enlarge. This leads to the development of a varicocele over time.

Which doctor should you consult for varicocele?

You can consult with a urologist or an andrologist or your general physician.  It is advisable to get in touch with an expert because, varicocele sometimes can lead to Infertility problems.

How can varicocele be diagnosed?

A varicocele is diagnosed after a physical exam. If the results are inconclusive, your doctor may need to perform a scrotal ultrasound.

What is the treatment for varicocele?

Most men do not require treatment for varicocele. If your varicoceles begin to cause you discomfort or pain which affects the normal life you might want to go through a varicocele repair treatment. This could be done in two ways, varicocelectomy, and varicocele embolization.

What are the risks associated with varicocele?

Varicocele does not cause any risks by themselves unless they interrupt with infertility or cause pain. The risks of a varicocele repair may include:

  • The build-up of fluid around the testicles
  • Recurrence of varicoceles
  • Infection
  • Damage to artery

Complications of varicoceles?

It can have an impact on the fertility of men. Varicoceles are known to cause primary infertility in 35 to 44 percent of men and secondary infertility in 45 to 81 percent on men. Talk to your doctor about seeing a reproductive specialist if you and your partner have trouble conceiving a child

Dr. Karthik Gunasekaran on Varicocele


  1. Hi Dr.Hw are you?
    I am Arun ,Age 32,Married 5 years ago.Still we are looking for a baby.Three years back I was checked semen analysis it was an Azoospermia. Then I was checked the Scrotal Doppler scan it shows Bilateral Grade II Varicocele. Then I was operated for this issue.After 3 months again I was checked my sperm count,unfortunately same results come Azoospermia. Again I was checked the Scrotal Doppler, same problem Bilateral Grade II Varicocele.
    Can you please explain what is the real issue.If it is treatable through Surgery.Give your valuable comments and suggestions.

    • Dear Mr. Arun, I am doing good, thank you.
      Can you please see me with all your previous test reports? In certain types of Azoospermia, extracting sperm is possible.
      So, please take an appointment by calling +91 90928 49786

      Thank you,
      Dr. Karthik Gunasekaran.

  2. Hi Doctor
    Can you please explain embolization treatment for varicocele?
    Is this treatment safe and hit success story?

    Will that be the permanent solution for varicocelte?


  3. Hi sir,

    My age is 20 ,I having varicocele pain ,pain weekly 4 or 5 days irruku.

    Can I have surgery on varicocele at this age?

  4. Hi sir,

    1. I completed vericocelecetomy surgery using laparoscopic.

    2. After 4 months, I tested semen analysis and culture.

    3. Semen analysis report all are fine.

    4. But semen culture report mention e-coil infection, now I get amikacin antibiotic injection 7days (1 – 0 – 1).

    5. Iam facing pain in scrotum ( I think e-coil infection reflected pain right ?)

    6. Give your suggestions?.


  5. Hello Doctor ,
    Hope you are doing good.
    I have varicocele on left testicle of 3mm. I feel heavy pain while I matrubate and it’s unbearable sometimes. I’m 23 now and Do I need to undergo surgery now?
    Please pour your valuable suggestions doctor.

  6. Hai sir
    I am dharmaraj
    Left side pain last week
    I have check pain
    Right side Abdominal pain pain today
    Cure only surgery.or ???

    I have send report details

    Testis: Measures 3.5 x 1.6 x 1.8 cm. Normal in size, echogenicity and vascularity

    Spermatic cord: Normal. Pampiniform plexus of veins: Normal

    At rest-1.4 mm. On Straining-1.6 mm

    No reversal of color flow seen on straining in supine position
    Testis: Measures 3.6 x 1.6 x 2.0 cm. Normal in size, echogenicity and vascularity

    Epididymis: Normal in size, echogenicity and vascularity.

    Scrotal sac: No fluid.

    Spermatic cord: Normal.

    Pampiniform plexus of veins: Mildly dilated.

    ⚫ At rest-2.4 mm. On Straining -2.7 mm No reversal of color flow seen on straining in supine position.


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